Gaetano Family Farm, LLC

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Poultry FAQ

  1. What does NPIP Stand for?

    Become NPIP certified to ensure your poultry is free of certain diseases. The National Poultry Improvement Plan, also known as the NPIP, is a national program that improves poultry and poultry products at the industry, state and federal levels. The NPIP establishes standards for evaluating poultry and hatchery products to ensure they are free of certain diseases, such as pullorum, avian flu, typhoid and salmonella, and safe for international and interstate shipment. Poultry producers and raisers that become NPIP certified are better able to participate in the sale and transport of eggs, chicks and adult birds. To become NPIP certified, you must contact your local State Department of Ag and ask to speak with your State Vet for more information.

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Poultry Health and Diseases

  1. What is Coccidiosis?

    It is a disease causing diarrhea: a disease of domestic animals and birds, and occasionally humans, caused by coccidia in the intestines, and causing diarrhea

  2. What is Coccidia?

    (Coccidiasina) It is a subclass of microscopic, spore-forming, single-celled obligate intracellular parasites belonging to the apicomplexan class Conoidasida.[1] Obligate intracellular parasites means that they must live and reproduce within an animal cell. Coccidian parasites infect the intestinal tracts of animals, [2] and are the largest group of apicomplexan protozoa.

  3. How did my birds get Coccidiosis?

    Normally, most birds pass small numbers of oocysts in their droppings without apparent ill effects. Coccidiosis becomes important as a disease when animals live, or are reared, under conditions that permit the build-up of infective oocysts in the environment. The intensive rearing of domestic chickens may provide these conditions. Young chickens pick up the infection from contaminated premises (soil, houses, utensils, etc.). These premises may have been contaminated previously by other young infected birds or by adult birds that have recovered from the condition. Wet areas around water fountains are a source of infection. Oocysts remain viable in litter for many months. In this way, they can contaminate a farm from year to year. Oocysts are killed by freezing, extreme dryness and high temperatures.

  4. How do I treat my flock for Coccidiosis?

    Several anticoccidials are currently available. Depending on the product used, the withdrawal periods and contraindications should be strictly followed. The emergence of drug-resistant strains of coccidia may present a major problem. Methods used to avoid the development of drug resistance include switching classes of drugs and the "shuttle program," which is a planned switch of drug in the middle of the bird's growing period.

  5. What is a product to use for Coccidiosis?

     I would use Corrid to start. Corrid will take care of the 3 most known forms of Coccidia. You can give them the 5 day treatment by either powder of liquid premix form. If you do not know how much to dose I strongly suggest you read the label. If you cannot understand after reading the label please contact the maker of Corrid which is Merial Drug Co. Their toll free number is 888-637-4251.

  6. What else should I use if my Birds had Coccidosis and Corrid is not working?

    You should look at using Sulmet. Although I do caution you this is a much stronger drug and should be used with care on little ones. Please see below what I copy and pasted from the Fort Dodge pamphlet enclosed with my last bottle of Sulmet. If you need assistance after reading the label for dosing instructions please contact Fort Dodge Directly.

    Sulmet is used For the Control of:

    Chickens: Infectious Coryza (Haemophilus gallinarum)

    Coccidiosis (Eimeria tenella, Eimeria necatrix)

    Acute Fowl Cholera (Pasteurella multocida)

    Pullorum Disease (Salmonella pullorum)

    Fort Dodge Animal Health

    800-5th Street N.W., P.O. Box 518

    Fort Dodge, IA 50501


  7. What does CRD stand for?

    CRD is short for Chronic Respitory Disease in poultry.

  8. What are common Poultry Respitory Diseases?

    Respiratory Diseases in Poultry; There are many common and important diseases which can affect the respiratory system (air passages, lungs, air sacs) of poultry. Poultry refers to include: chicken, turkey, duck, goose, quail, pheasant, pigeon, guinea fowl, pea fowl, ostrich, emu and rhea. Here is a short list of the most common known Respitory Diseases in Poultry.

    1. Aspergillosis
    2. Avian Influenza
    3. Chlamydoiosis
    4. Fowl Pox
    5. Infectious Bronchitis
    6. Infectious Coryza
    7. Infectious Laryngotracheitis
    8. mycoplasma gallisepticum
    9. mycoplasma meleagridis
    10. mycoplasma synovie
    11. New Castle Disease
    12. Quail Bronchitis
    13. Swollen Head Syndrome
    14. Turkey Rhinotrachetis
  9. What viral diseases that are not respiratory, that affect poultry?

    A viral disease is most commonly an unknown virus that our poultry catches. What does virus mean?  It can mean a submicroscopic parasite: a submicroscopic parasitic particle of a nucleic acid surrounded by protein that can only replicate within a host cell. Viruses are not considered to be independent living organisms. Or it could be from a  viral disease: a disease caused by a virus/ Viral Disease is something that corrupts a healthy bird.

    Commonly known Viral Diseases (not respitory)

    1. Avian Encephalomyelitis
    2. Egg Drop Syndrome
    3. Equine Encephalitis
    4. Infectious Bursal Disease
    5. Infectious Lymphoid Leukosis
    6. Marek's Disease


  10. Can my birds get a bacterial disease?

    Yes poultry does get bacterial diseases just like any other animal and humans for that matter.

    Common Bacterial Diseases in Poultry are as follows:

    1. Botulism
    2. Fowl Cholera
    3. Necrotic Enteritis
    4. Omphalitis
    5. Pullorum
    6. Staphylococcus
    7. Ulcerative Enteritis
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